Human trafficking and modern slavery are thought to be amongst the most widespread crimes in the world, affecting millions of men, women and children each day.
This is happening in Warwickshire. We all need to be aware of what this is, understand what it involves, be able to spot the signs and know how to respond to and report concerns.
What Is Modern Slavery & Human Trafficking?
Human Trafficking is:
The movement or recruitment by deception or coercion for the purpose of exploitation.
Modern Slavery acts as an umbrella term, which covers a number of human rights issues, of which human trafficking is one, it encompasses:
- Slavery – including bonded labour, child slavery such as child labour and trafficking, early and forced marriage, forced labour, descent-based slavery and trafficking.
- Human Trafficking
- Domestic Servitude – victims are forced to carry out housework and domestic chores in private households for little or no pay.
- Forced/Compulsory Labour – victims are forced to work against their will, often working very long hours for little or no pay in dire conditions and with verbal and physical threats made to them.
- Debt bondage – victims are forced to work to pay off debts often accrued by travelling to their place of exploitation with no real prospect of paying off the debt.
Traffickers and slave masters use whatever means they have at their disposal to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude, and inhumane treatment.
There are many forms of exploitation into which people can be trafficked and held in slavery.
These crimes are happening in every corner of the world and can include any person, regardless of age, socio-economic background or location. As a result, each case can look very different.
Warning Signs To Look Out For
Whilst each case of Modern Slavery can look different, there are signs which are common across multiple forms of exploitation, which may suggest an individual is at risk of, or is a victim of a form of Modern Slavery. These signs include if someone:
- acts as if instructed by another, as though they are forced or coerced to carry out specific activities
- demonstrates signs of physical or psychological abuse, such as lacking self esteem, seeming anxious, bruising or untreated medical conditions
- seems to be bonded by debt; has money deducted from their salary; or has a lack of access to earnings
- has little or no contact with family or loved ones
- is distrustful of authorities
- has threats made against themselves or family members
- is not in possession of their own legal documents (Passport or documents are held by someone else)
Modern Slavery training - free training resource: E-learning for Healthcare (E-LfH) has produced a 30-minute e-learning package that is free to access for all healthcare professionals